Indexes labeled as representing developed market equity include companies with significant and increasing exposure to macro-economic trends in the emerging markets. A portfolio that tracks such an index may well have much more such exposure than its managers or investors had bargained for
The U.S. Supreme Court has just created a new, and confusing, standard for the trial of issuers who have made opinionated statements in offering documents. In certain contexts, to be determined ad hoc, the statement of an opinion, such as "we believe our practices are all lawful and value adding" can be a misleading omission of facts that might tend to the contrary conclusion.
The Delaware Chancery Court would apparently have preferred to stay out of the issue of valuation as it played itself out in the 2012 acquisition of Ancestry.com by Permira. But it couldn't: the statute encouraging appraisal fights was too clearly worded for that.
Brad Case, Ph.D., CFA, CAIA, looks at the relationships between public and private real estate.
Three authors at EDHEC propose a two-step modeling process for the valuation of certain infrastructure debt. One of the key ideas they incorporate is the value of the step-in rights that come when the issuers violate a covenant or otherwise find themselves in technical default.
For one professor, the surprising divergence in the prices of WTI/Brent crude in the period 2010-2012 was a case study in how commodity prices can teach us about supply chain conditions. Faille looks back at his article, and forward past today's calmer but still-fluctuating spread.
Reuters is now reporting that major investors seek the opportunity to convert their voting shares of Twenty-First Century Fox into non-voting shares, because the voting shares are trading at a discount. Faille takes Reuters' anonymous sources at their words for the purposes of discussion. He doesn't think these investors will get their convertibility.
A proposed new set of principles, designed to encourage investors in the alt-investment industry in their discussions with their managements, encourages skepticism both about side-pocketed assets and about other investors' sweetheart deals (i.e. "side letters.")
In a new report, ESMA discovers that some investors may be guilty of "over-reliance on continued policy support." I gather that means that investors believe that central bankers and governments will play the role of Santa Claus indefinitely.
Paul Volcker is obviously entitled to express his concerns when he senses that the well-educated young people of today are taking economics courses full of the wrong lessons: specifically, that they are unaware of just how nasty a dragon inflation was in the U.S. in the 1970s.
"Isn't there anything good to be said for the practice of historical cost accounting, especially when the cost figures are higher than the mark-to-market figures? Well ... no. It's reality avoidance."
Investors need benchmarks, especially benchmarks of likely infrastructure return, because the long-term illiquid nature of that investment increases information asymmetry between investors and managers, whereas benchmarks keep this asymmetry bearable. So explains Frédéric Blanc-Brude of EDHEC.
A recent survey of firm-valuation experts from 10 European countries indicates that they can produce wildly different values given the same inputs. Okay: maybe that’s not too surprising. Any valuation model will necessarily include parameters that will in turn require a best-guess approach, often as subjective in inspiration as it is objective in aspiration. So […]
In the recriminations that followed the demise of Enron in 2001, the whole idea of mark-to-market accounting acquired a taint. A lot has changed since then, but fair value debates we will always have with us.
Four researchers have developed an "event-based" understanding of Liquidity, measuring it as a characterization (from 0 to 1) of the predictability of asset price trajectories. Illiquidity is surprise.
The Supreme Court has received several amici briefs in the Halliburton case. They generally take the side of the defendant/petitioner, the corporation accused of securities fraud, in its opposition to the use of a 1980s vintage fraud-on-the-market theory to certify a class.
In a traditional lawsuit over the sale of swampland in Florida I would have to show not only that the salesman lied to me, but that I relied on that lie, and accordingly built a house there and glub glub glub.
Challenges brought about by the 2007-08 crises and their long wake have interacted in the U.S. with what was then a new fair-value hierarchy, the three levels of valuation as established by the FASB.
Anshuman Jaswal, senior analyst, Celent, has prepared a report on execution quality in the NYSE market that measures such quality along two axes: pricing and speed. Speed is straightforward, the metric for price as an execution issue is a bit trickier.
Christopher Faille contemplates a newly listed blank check company looking to acquire a specialty chemicals concern, and he asks an expert what exactly "specialty" chemicals are. "And while I have you on the line...."
Three scholars find a very real possibility that there is a cause and effect relationship between index flows in the derivatives markets, at least the agricultural index markets, on the one hand and price moves in the underlying commodity on the other.
A new report by PrevInvest, the "Investment Outlook & Hedge Fund Strategies Insight Report," focuses on the consequences of the race to the bottom among the world's industrialized nations and their central banks, and the way this has created a lot of sloshing-around of liquidity looking for profitable channels.
Clifford Asness and Andrea Frazzini show that an important detail in the way scholars go about studying factor pricing and behavioral finance is seriously flawed. The detail in question dates to an influential paper by Eugene Fama and Kenneth French, "The Cross-Section of Expected Stock Returns," (1992).